History of the Manor: 1086-1500

The history of the Manor of Hunningham – in the West Midlands region, Warwickshire, England – is of great interest because it has been documented continuously for a thousand years, scientifically, from the time of the Domesday Book to the present day.
The Domesday survey of 1086, on the ownership and state of all the land in Great Britain, was instituted by William the Conqueror in an attempt to discover the value of the country he had become king of and the potential sources of income for himself. The way it was done and the information it contains can tell us a lot about how land ownership was organized in the early 11th century and how it was influenced by the Norman conquest.
Before 1086, as far as can be discovered, possession of the land was based on a patronage system, in which the land was given as a gift to reward and encourage loyal followers in exchange for military and agricultural services. This system was common across Europe and the basic idea was supported by the Normans. What changed after the conquest was the fact that all the land was considered to belong to the king, who had the right to reassign large properties to the Norman lords. The Normans, in turn, ceded part of their lands to their servants in exchange for services and so on on a decreasing scale, creating a network of interdependent relationships and ties that was much closer than in the previous Anglo-Saxon period.

Medieval painting depicting life in a feudal manor

One of the main points of the Domesday survey was to find out the value of the land so that the king knew the value of the estates donated to his men. Such a vast project had to be highly organized and rely on local administrative units that had already developed in Britain. The image that emerges from Domesday is that of a firmly established possession system.
From the Domesday Book we learn that in 1086 the Manor of Hunningham belonged to William Fitz Corbucin, whose tenants were Osmund and Chetel.

Domesday book of 1086: Hunningham

Lords of the Manor of Hunningham 1086-2020

1086 William Fitz Corbucin

– Robert Corbucin

1161 Geoffrey Corbucin

1166 Peter Corbucin of Studley

1200 son Peter Corbucin, enfeeofed William de Cantilupe

– Richard Corbucin, died 1227

1227 son Geoffrey Corbucin

– brother Richard Corbucin

1284 John de Hastings, Lord Abergavenny

1325 John de Hastings

1334 William son of Sir William Trussell

1353 Isabell wife of Walter son of Hugh de Cokesey

– Sir Hugh de Cokesey, dsp 1445

1445 widow Alice de Cokesey

1460 sister Joyce Beauchamp

1473 son Sir John Grevill

1480 son Sir Thomas Cokesey

1500 bought by John Underhill

– son Thomas Underhill

– son Edward Underhill

1545 bought by Richard Newport

1565 John Newport

1566 William, later called Sir William Hatton

1596 Frances and husband Sir Robert Rich

1611 bought by Thomas Gibbes

– John Woodward

1614 Timothy Wagstaff

1614 Hannibal Horsey

1622 son James Horsey

1630 daughter Dorothy, wife of George Fane

1653 bought by George Fane

– Sir Henry Fane of Bassledon, Berks

1692 bought by Thomas and George Watson

1695 bought by Thomas Leigh, 2nd Baron Leigh

1710 son Edward Leigh, 3rd Baron Leigh

1738 son Thomas Leigh, 4th Baron Leigh

1749 son Edward Leigh, 5th Baron Leigh

1786 sisters, including Hon Mary Leigh

1806 Rev Thomas Leigh

1813 James Henry Leigh of Adelstrop

– son Chandos Leigh 1st Baron Leigh, died 1850

1850 William Henry Leigh, 2nd Baron Leigh

1905 Francis Dudley Leigh, 3rd Baron Leigh

1938 nephew Rupert William Leigh, 4th Baron Leigh

1979 John Piers Leigh, 5th Baron Leigh

1989 Roy Chew, Hunningham

2020 Dr Luca Lombardi, Bari, Italy

 

A farmer who teaches his son to plow a field in a manor (medieval parchment)

William Fitz Corbucin was one of the most important supporters of William the Conqueror in Warwickshire, he held several manors in the county, of which he was probably the sheriff.
After William Fitz Corbucin, Lord of the Manor of Hunningham was Robertin Corbucin, who was succeeded by Geoffrey Corbucin who was Lord of the Manor in 1161. Thus the lordship of the Manor remained in the possession of the Corbucin for about a century.
In 1284 the Lord of Hunningham was John de Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings, feudal Lord of Abergavenny. John de Hastings was an English peer and soldier. He was one of the Competitors for the Crown of Scotland in 1290-92 in the Great Cause. He was born in 1262 at Allesley, near Coventry in Warwickshire.

Seal of John Hastings

In 1273 he became the 13th Lord of Abergavenny on the death of his childless uncle Sir George de Cantilupe, and thereby acquired Abergavenny Castle and the vast lands of the honour of Abergavenny. He also inherited many Cantilupe estates including Aston Cantlow in Warwickshire, one of that family’s seats. He fought from the 1290s in the Scottish, Irish and French wars of King Edward I and held the offices of Seneschal of Gascony and Lieutenant of Aquitaine simultaneously.

Coat of arms of Barons Hastings

In 1290 he had unsuccessfully contested the crown of the Kingdom of Scotland as grandson of Ada, third daughter of David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon, who was a grandson of King David I of Scotland. Also in 1290 he was summoned to the English Parliament as Lord Hastings, which created him a peer. In February 1300-1 he had licence to crenellate his manor and town of Fillongley in Warwickshire. He signed and sealed the Barons’ Letter of 1301 to Pope Boniface VIII, protesting against papal interference in Scottish affairs.

Effigy of John Hastings

In 1325 John de Hastings was succeeded by his son John de Hastings, who became Lord of the Manor of Hunningham. He served in the First War of Scottish Independence under King Edward II and was also Governor of Kenilworth Castle.
In 1334 Lord of the Manor of Hunningham was William Trussell, son of Sir William Trussell, an English politician and leading rebel in Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March’s rebellion against Edward II.

Coat of arms of Sir William Trussell

In 1353 the lordship of the Manor of Hunningham was held by Isabel, wife of Walter de Cokesey. Their son Sir Hugh de Cokesey died in 1445, so the lordship passed to his widow. When this died in 1460, the lordship of the Manor of Hunningham was inherited by his sister, Joyce Beauchamp, who died in 1473. Joyce Beauchamp was succeeded by his son Sir John Grevill. Sir John died in 1480 and was succeeded by his son Thomas, who changed his name to Cokesey, and became Sir Thomas Cokesey.

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